Visa CPS/Restaurant

Historically, Visa had categories for CPS Restaurant that applied to credit cards. However, as of 2023, none of those categories are listed in Visa’s interchange tables. Only CPS restaurant for debit and prepaid cards remain.

Let’s take a look at when the different categories apply, the costs, and other categories you might see as a restaurant owner.

CPS Restaurant Rates

If you’re just looking for the CPS Restaurant interchange fees, here’s a quick table. However, qualifying for these rates requirements meeting specific criteria. If you don’t meet the criteria, you’ll pay different rates, possibly including downgrades.

Volume Rate Per-Transaction Fee
CPS Restaurant Debit 1.19% $0.10
CPS Restaurant Debit Regulated 0.05% $0.22
CPS Restaurant Prepaid 1.15% $0.10

These rates come directly from Visa’s website. We update this information as we learn of fee changes, but rates are subject to change at any time.

CPS Restaurant Criteria

There are five primary requirements for CPS restaurant categories.

Eligible Business

First and foremost, your business must be a restaurant to qualify for CPS Restaurant rates. (Makes sense, right?) For the purposes of interchange, “restaurant” includes various sit-down, quick serve, and fast food businesses. Your business must have a merchant category code (MCC) for a restaurant or QSR.

Eligible MCCs include:

  • 5812
  • 5814

Businesses that don’t have an eligible MCC will not receive CPS Restaurant interchange, even if they consider themselves a food service business. If your MCC code is incorrect, you’ll need to work with your processor.

Eligible Card

For both of the CPS Restaurant Debit categories, it must be a debit card. CPS Restaurant prepaid must be a prepaid card.

Credit cards are not currently eligible for CPS Restaurant categories.

Card Present

The transaction must be “card-present.” Swiping a magnetic stripe, “dipping” a chip card, or “tapping” a contactless payment device (such as a smartphone with Apple Pay enabled) are all valid “card-present” methods. A customer handing you a card and you keying in the card information is not considered card present. Such a transaction will not be eligible.

Electronic Authorization

CPS Restaurant requires you to obtain and pass one valid electronic authorization. That means you’ll need to receive an “approved” authorization response when the transaction is processed through the machine and include that authorization response with the settled transaction.

Settlement Timeframe

You’ll also need to settle the authorized transaction within 1 day. This is where batching transactions correctly comes into play. When you accept credit cards, you’ll typically “hold” a group of transactions to send to a processor at one time rather than individually. That group of transactions is a batch, and “batching” (or “batch processing,” “batching out,” etc.) refers to sending the batch to be settled.

Many POS systems and credit card machines are set to automatically batch transactions and send them to the processor at the end of the day for settlement. However, some businesses prefer to manually batch. If that’s how you do it, be sure that you’re batching in the correct timeframes so that your transactions don’t downgrade to more expensive interchange categories.

CPS Restaurant Debit

The two “restaurant debit” categories refer to debit cards authorized with a signature. Some people refer to signature debit transaction as running the debit card “as credit.” In reality, a debit card is always a debit card, even when “run as credit.” However, when the customer signs for the debit purchase (instead of entering their PIN) the transaction will take place on the credit network, not the debit network.

The fees noted earlier in this article are the interchange fees for unregulated signature (“run as credit”) debit transactions. PIN debit transactions incur PIN debit network fees, not these interchange fees. Regulated debit cards also incur different fees.

Regulated Debit

In 2010, the Durbin Amendment to the Wall Street Reform Act imposed a cap on certain debit rates. Regulated debit cards are subject to the cap. The Amendment defines “regulated debit cards” as cards issued by a bank with $10 billion or more in assets. (For example, Bank of America, Wells Fargo, SunTrust, etc.)

Rates for a regulated debit card, no matter PIN or signature, are capped at 0.05% + 22 cents per transaction. That is the most that can be charged at the interchange level or PIN debit network level. However, that cap does not apply to processors’ markups. That means that while the bank or PIN network only gets 0.05% + 22 cents, your processor can charge more than that.

Other Interchange Fees for Restaurants

Keep in mind that just because there is a specific “restaurant” interchange category doesn’t mean that your restaurant will only be charged those rates. If you don’t meet criteria noted above, cards can “downgrade” to more expensive categories.

CPS Restaurant on Statements

On your statements, you’ll see CPS Restaurant Debit (or Debit Regulated) if you meet the criteria. You’ll see CPS Prepaid if the transaction meets the criteria but it’s a prepaid card.

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